Asthma & COPD

Asthma and COPD are respiratory conditions that constrict the airways and make it difficult to breathe. The symptoms of both conditions are similar but they are different types of respiratory illnesses.

5.4 million 200,000 3 children
people in the UK are affected by asthma people have severe asthma where they don’t respond to the usual treatments  suffering from asthma are present in every class in the UK

Asthma & COPD

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Airflusal MDI

AirFluSal MDI is an inhaling device used in the treatment of Asthma in adults. It contains salmeterol, which is a bronchodilator lasting twelve hours. It promotes the opening of the airways in the lungs, preventing breathing problems due to Asthma attacks.

£30.99
Airomir Autohaler

Prescribed as a reliever inhaler to curb the various symptoms of Asthma, Airomir Autohaler is the advanced variant of the more traditional inhalers. It contains the same dosage of salbutamol, an active ingredient that rapidly relaxes lung muscles for ease in breathing.

£24.99
Atrovent

To make it easier for COPD patients to breathe with bronchospasm, doctors prescribe Atrovent, a bronchodilator. It induces muscle relaxation in the airways. It is crucial to adhere to the prescription precisely and limit the inhalations to 12 every 24 hours.

£16.99
Bricanyl

Bricanyl is a fast-acting, longer-lasting medication for Asthma and COPD, which eases breathing within five minutes and lasts for six hours. Belonging to a class of drugs called bronchodilators, these medicines relax the airway muscles enabling ease of breathing.

£18.99
Carbocisteine

Carbocisteine falls under a class of medicines called mucolytic that assist in coughing up phlegm. Both COPD and cystic fibrosis cause excessive phlegm production, which disrupts normal breathing. This medicine makes the mucus less sticky and hence easier to spit.

£22.99
Clenil Modulite

Clenil Modulite Inhaler is a prescription-only medication for Asthma. It is a preventer inhaler which reduces the inflammation in the lungs upon regular use. Beclometasone dipropioante, the active ingredient, belongs to a group of medications called corticosteroids or steroids.

£15.99

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that usually begins during childhood. It is quite a common health condition and mainly affects children. People with asthma have trouble breathing and may have wheezing and coughing episodes. Things like dust, pollen, fur, pollution, and smoke can act as triggers.

These triggers inflame the bronchioles in the lungs and lead to asthma symptoms.

Here are different types of asthma that people can suffer from:

  • Allergic asthma: caused by a reaction to an allergen. 

  • Occupational asthma: This type occurs when you have a reaction to an allergen at your workplace. 

  • Exercise-induced asthma: Your airways can narrow when you exercise leading to exercise asthma. 

  • Seasonal asthma: This type of asthma is triggered by allergens that are found during certain times of the year. 

  • Adult-onset asthma: It is often caused during your adulthood as a result of infection or exercise. It might also flare up when you get excited or are laughing too hard.

COPD, abbreviated for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a condition that affects the ability to breathe. This is a progressive disease along with being chronic, which means it worsens over time.

It causes an obstruction of the airflow to the lungs, making it harder to breathe. COPD is often linked to long term exposure to a trigger e.g., smoking, pollution or a workplace irritant.

It is easy to confuse asthma and COPD since they have some similar symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. Despite the common factors, they differ in a few ways. One of the main differences is the age you start showing symptoms. Those with asthma usually get diagnosed as children but those with COPD get diagnosed in their 40s.

The triggering factors are also different for asthma and COPD. Asthma usually gets worse by cold air, exercise or allergens. On the other hand, COPD worsens with respiratory infections like pneumonia, flu, or even exposure to air pollution.

The asthma triggers can differ one from individual to another, but all of them lead to the same symptoms of breathlessness, wheezing, and coughing. Asthma triggers include pollen, types of chemicals, animal dander, dust, mould, perfumes, exercise, industrial fumes, smoke, and air pollution. They can also include bacteria and viruses like the common cold.  

COPD triggers include smog and kinds of air pollution, cigarette smoke, strong fumes of perfumes and other types of scents, and pollen. Cold, hot or humid air can also act as COPD triggers.

Asthma symptoms include:  

  • Coughing 

  • Shortness of breath 

  • Wheezing 

  • Anxiety  

  • Tightness in the chest  

COPD symptoms include the following: 

  • Increasing breathlessness 

  • Frequent chest infections 

  • Cough with phlegm that does not go away 

  • Persistent wheezing 

  • Chest tightness 

  • Breathing problems after exercise 

  • Tiredness and fatigue

Unfortunately, there is no cure for asthma. However, there are a number of effective treatments available that help in relieving the symptoms and preventing them coming on and recurring.

There is currently no cure for COPD and you cannot reverse the damage that is already done to the lungs. However, with proper management, people with COPD can have a good quality of life. An early diagnosis can help in slowing lung deterioration and reducing the symptoms. So, see your GP as soon as possible if you develop symptoms.

One of the most common treatments for asthma and COPD is inhalers apart from oral medication. You will find a range of medications on MedsNow. Clear instructions are given on how to use inhalers if you haven’t used them before. The physician will prescribe medicines based on the type of asthma you have or depending on the signs of COPD.

Some medicines for Asthma and COPD include –

Inhalers:

  • Ventolin Evohaler 

  • Ventolin Accuhaler 

  • Salamol CFC-Free Inhaler 

  • SalamolEasi-Breathe Inhaler 

  • Pulmicort Turbohaler 

  • AiromirAutohaler 

  • FostairNexthaler 

  • Seretide Accuhaler 

  • FlixotideAccuhaler 

  • Symbicort Turbohaler 

  • Serevent Evohaler 

  • Serevent Accuhaler 

  • QvarAutohaler

Medicines:

  • ClenilModulite 

  • Atrovent 

  • Bricanyl 

  • AerivioSpiromax 

  • Flutiform 

  • DuorespSpiromax 

  • Alvesco 

  • Incruse Ellipta 

  • Sirdupla 

  • Sereflo 

  • Relvar Ellipta 

  • Kehale 

  • Airflusal MDI 

  • Striverdi Respimat 

  • Spiolto Respimat 

  • Spirva Respimat 

  • Qvar Aerosol 

  • Montelukast 

  • Cardboisteine 

  • Propanolol

  • Is asthma hereditary? 

Though the exact cause of asthma is still unknown, it has been determined that asthma can be caused by hereditary as well as environmental factors. If a parent has asthma, it doesn’t mean the child will have it too. However, the child may have a higher tendency to develop the condition.  

  • What causes adult-onset asthma? 

If you are above 20 years of age when diagnosed with asthma, it is considered as adult-onset asthma. It can be caused by exposure of irritants or allergens such as chemicals, cigarette smoke, dust, or any substance found at home or workplace. Prolonged exposure to workplace materials can also trigger the symptoms.  

  • What causes asthma at night? 

The exact reason why asthma gets worse at night is not known, however, some explanations include cooling of airways at night, hormone secretions that follow a circadian pattern, and being in a reclined position.  

  • Can asthma be cured? 

Asthma can be controlled to a great degree but it cannot be cured completely. Patients who develop asthma in their childhood may often find that it resolves by the time they become adults. 

  • Why can't we cure asthma? 

For most people, asthma can be considered as virtually cured since their medication can be that effective. However, asthma can only be managed and not cured as no one particular treatment would suffice for everyone. Everyone has different types of asthma and different triggers, and one type of medication will not work on everybody.  

  • What food triggers asthma? 

There are certain foods that you must avoid if you have asthma because they act as triggers. These include eggs, peanuts, cow’s milk, soy, wheat, fish, shellfish, and tree nuts.  

  • Does asthma make you tired? 

When you have asthma, it limits your body’s ability to breathe in oxygen. When you don’t get enough oxygen in the body, you will most likely feel tired or get asthma chest pain.  

  • Can asthma be caused by stress? 

Stress is a common symptom of asthma. It may cause shortness of breath and worsen your asthma symptoms.  

  • Can asthma damage your lungs? 

Asthma causes inflamed, swollen bronchial tubes in the lungs and sometimes this inflammation can damage your lungs. This is why it is critical to manage asthma as soon as it is detected.  

  • How do they test you for asthma? 

The doctor will diagnose your asthma by first discussing your medical history and performing a physical exam. You may need a lung function test as well along with a few other tests like a chest X-ray.  

  • What is silent asthma? 

Common asthma symptoms in adults include wheezing or coughing whereas silent asthma has no warning or wheezing before a patient feels breathless. 

  • Does asthma affect sleep? 

As asthma constricts the airways, it can lead to night time coughing, breathlessness, and wheezing which can cause difficulty during sleep. It can also cause you to wake up frequently during the night. This condition is known as nocturnal asthma where the symptoms may get worse at night.  

  • What is the 6-minute walk test for COPD? 

This test measures the distance one can walk quickly on a hard, flat surface in 6 minutes. It helps in measuring the health of lungs. Since COPD affects everyone differently, testing the lung function and exercise tolerance through the 6-minute walk test will help the doctor come up with the best treatment plan. 

  • How do you stop COPD from progressing?

Lifestyle changes and monitoring the symptoms closely help in COPD from progressing. Avoid smoking and maintain a healthy diet and weight. Exercise regularly and take medicines as prescribed.  

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