Contraceptive Pill

Contraceptive pills are medications that help women prevent pregnancy. They deliver hormones in to your body that help prevent conception. There are various kinds of contraceptive pills available to suit different hormone levels. MedsNow online pharmacy offers a wide range of contraceptive pills suited to different body types.

 

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Proven effectiveness of contraceptive pills upon perfect usage. Proven effectiveness of contraceptive pills upon typical usage. Emergency contraceptive pills were provided to women in England by sexual and reproductive health services in the year 2018-19

 

Contraceptive Pill

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Contraceptive pills, also known as oral contraception or birth control pills are medications that help women prevent pregnancy. Contraceptive pills are to be taken orally and the prescribed dosage is usually one pill per day to be taken preferably at the same time each day. Birth control pills contain synthetic forms of hormones such as oestrogen and progestogen that prevent pregnancy. The pill helps to regulate the hormonal cycle of the female body and prevent conception.

There are two kinds of contraceptive pills predominantly taken by women across the UK.

  1. Combination Pill

The combination contraceptive pills contain a combination of two synthetic hormones – oestrogen and progestin. Different combination pills contain different levels of these hormones. They are also known as ‘the pill’, and come in a mixture of active and inactive pills. The active pills contain the synthetic hormones that prevent pregnancy and the inactive pills help trigger menstruation.

  1. Mini Pill

The mini pill is an oral contraceptive medication that contains a synthetic hormone called progestin. Unlike the combination pills, the mini pill does not contain oestrogen. The progestin dosage in the mini pill is also lower than the combination pill. The mini pill is usually recommended to women who are breastfeeding, have health issues, or are generally concerned about the side effects of taking oestrogen.

Contraceptive pills contain synthetic versions of natural hormones present in the female human body. Combination contraceptive pills contain a combination of two hormones – oestrogen and progestin, while the mini pill contains progestin only.

When you take a combination contraceptive pill, it follows a three-pronged approach to prevent pregnancy –

  1. It thickens the mucous of the cervix, preventing the sperm from reaching the egg.

  2. It thins the lining of the uterus thus preventing a fertilized egg from implanting itself in the uterus.

  3. It stops your body from ovulating, thus preventing the ovaries from releasing any eggs.

While the combination contraceptive pill functions as described above, the mini pill cannot stop your body from ovulating. The mini-pill only works to prevent pregnancy using the first two approaches.

Here is a list of contraceptive pills available with MedsNow

  1. Cerazette - Mini Pill

  2. Ovranette - Combined Contraceptive Pill

  3. Qlaira - Combined Contraceptive Pill

  4. Rigevidon - Combined Contraceptive Pill

  5. Yasmin - Combined Contraceptive Pill

  6. Clairette - Treats acne and rosacea (Hormone based medicine)

  7. Zoely - Hormonal Contraceptive Pills

  8. Desogestrel - Mini Pill

  9. Gedarel - Combined Contraceptive Pill

  10. Lucette - Combined Contraceptive Pill

  11. Noriday - Mini Pill

  12. Microgynon - Combined Contraceptive Pill

  13. Cerelle - Mini Pill

  14. Cilest- Combined Contraceptive Pill

  15. Dianette - Hormone-based medicine

  16. Femodene - Combined Contraceptive Pill

  17. Femodette - Combined Oral Contraceptive

  18. Loestrin - Combination hormone medication

  19. Logynon - Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill

  20. Marvelon – Low-dose Combined Oral Contraceptive

  21. Mercilon - Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill

  22. Zelleta - Mini Pill

When it comes to birth control, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. If you want to choose the right contraceptive pill for yourself, the best thing to do is to have a frank conversation about it with your doctor. Various factors such as your general health condition, lifestyle, personal preferences, and contraceptive history need to be considered before the doctor can prescribe the most suitable contraceptive pill for you. Connect with our doctors for an online consultation about different contraceptive pills.

Apart from preventing unwanted pregnancies, taking contraceptive pills has several advantages for women.

  1. Contraceptive pills allow women to regulate their menstrual cycle. They also make periods lighter and less painful in most cases.

  2. The pills can also be used to safely skip the period if needed.

  3. Contraceptive pills reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, cancer of the womb, and colon.

  4. The pills help women enjoy uninterrupted sex life.

  5. Combined contraceptive pills reduce the occurrence of acne, reduces bone thinning, and help fight iron deficiency in women.

  6. Women can stop taking the pill whenever they decide to get pregnant and fertility comes back to normal right away.

Contraceptive Pills are not risk-free. Therefore, it is always advisable to consult your doctor when selecting a contraceptive medication and use only the prescribed pill. Some of the risks of using contraceptive pills include –

 

  1. Increased blood pressure – Contraceptive pills increase blood pressure and if you have a condition like obesity or hypertension then consult your doctor about other methods of contraception.

  2. Cholesterol level – Synthetic hormones such as progestin can lower the ‘good’ cholesterol in your blood level and increase ‘bad’ cholesterol. Usually, this change is not strong enough to affect your health.

  3. Nausea & Migraine – Contraceptive pills can trigger nausea and migraine headaches especially as a side effect of oestrogen dose.

  4. Blood clots – Oral contraceptives increase the risk of blood clots in your veins. This is especially true for the veins in your legs. The risk is higher for the women who smoke.

 

Contraceptive Pills are a convenient way for preventing unplanned pregnancies and for family planning. However, there are some caution points and medical conditions wherein oral contraceptives are not considered suitable. They are –

  1. Contraceptive Pills cannot protect a woman from contracting sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV or chlamydia.

  2. Women with a history of thrombosis should not use oral contraception

  3. Obese women are not advised to take contraceptive pills

  4. Women with a long-term immobilized condition (e.g. confined to a wheelchair) should not take contraceptive pills

  5. Women who have experienced cardiovascular disorders should avoid oral contraception

  6. Hypertension or high blood pressure (above 150/90) is not a suitable condition for women to take contraceptive pills

  7. Women over the age of 35, who smoke should avoid contraceptive pills.

  8. Women with diabetes, migraine conditions, and over 50 years of age should not take contraceptive pills.

  1. If I miss a pill and have sex, do I need an emergency contraceptive pill?

If you have one missed contraceptive pill from an on-going pack or started a new pack with a gap of one day, you are still protected against pregnancy during your intercourse.

 

Here’s what you should do

i. Take the last pill you missed immediately. Even if it means taking two pills in 24 hours.

ii. Continue your birth control medication as usual from the next day.

iii. Do not take any emergency contraceptive pill. It is not required.

  1. Does taking antibiotics make contraceptive pills ineffective?

If you have been prescribed antibiotics for any reason, discuss the effect it can have on birth control pills with your doctor. Not all antibiotics interfere with the effect of contraceptive pills.

The only antibiotic which is proven, to make birth control pills ineffective is Rifampin. Rifampin lowers the level of oestrogen in the human body and could make you ovulate. Therefore, may result in an unwanted pregnancy.

 

  1. Which medicines interact with contraceptive pills?

When two or more medications are taken together, the effects of one medicine may change or limit the effects of the other. This is called interaction of medicines. Here is a list of medications proven to interact with hormonal contraceptive pills –

i. Enzyme inducing medicines such as Rifampin (anti-biotic), epilepsy medication, HIV medication, some herbal remedies like St. John’s Wort.

ii. Anti-seizure drugs such as Modafinil (Provigil)

iii. Anti-fungal medications like Griseofulvin (Gris-PEG) and Ketoconazole.

Whenever you need to start a new medication, talk to your doctor about the kind of contraceptive pills you are taking and check if the medicines might hinder each other’s effects.

  1. Do any over-the-counter products interfere with the effect of the pill?

It is safe to take over the counter medication along with your contraceptive pills. The only over the counter medicine known to alter the effects of birth control pills is St. John’s Wort. Apart from that, over the counter drugs such as cold medications and pain relievers don’t interact with birth control pills.

  1. If I have a stomach-bug or diarrhoea, will my contraceptive pill still work?

If you have a stomach-bug or diarrhoea, your contraceptive pill may not be effective. Take an extra contraceptive pill if you vomit within two hours of taking your pill. Every 24 hours that you spend suffering from sickness and diarrhoea should be counted as a missed pill.

  1. Is it necessary to take the pill at the same time each day?

No. It is not necessary to take contraceptive pills at the same time every day. As long as you take one pill per day, you are protected from unwanted pregnancy. Although it is considered good practice to take the pill at the same time daily to develop a habit of remembering the pill.

  1. What contraceptive pill is the best to use right after having a baby?

After delivery, the best contraceptive pill to use depends on your health, lifestyle, and breastfeeding needs. If you are breastfeeding, it is best to avoid combination contraceptive pills that contain oestrogen. Combination contraceptive pills may reduce lactation and your supply of breast milk. Check with your doctor to find out which pill is best for you and when you can start taking it.

  1. How long can I stay on a contraceptive pill?

If you have been taking contraceptive pills for a long time without any side effects, then it is likely that you can take the pill for as long as you need. But it is always a good idea to check with your doctor to be sure that it is safe for you to continue taking the pill. For women in good health, birth control pills are safe to use for the long term.

  1. Do contraceptive pills affect fertility?

Contraceptive pills have no negative impact on the fertility of a woman. Some women may experience a delay in resuming ovulation after getting off the contraceptive pill but there is no permanent effect of using birth control pills on a woman’s fertility.

  1. How can I delay my periods using birth control pills?

Combination contraceptive pills come in a mix of active and inactive pills. The inactive pills trigger menstruation. If you want to delay your periods you can skip the inactive pills in your pack and start taking the active pills from a new pack immediately. Or else, you can use an 84-pill pack which delays your period for three months at a time.

  1. Can I trust my contraceptive pill’s effectiveness?

Contraceptive pills are 99.9% effective. If you are taking your pill as prescribed by your doctor without any problems, then you can trust your contraceptives to protect you from unwanted pregnancies.

  1. Do I still need to use a condom when I am on a pill?

Contraceptive pills can protect you from unwanted pregnancies but not from sexually transmitted diseases like HIV. Therefore, it is recommended that you should continue to use a condom during sex, especially with a new partner.

  1. Can birth control pills make breasts grow bigger?

Birth control pills contain hormones like oestrogen and progestin. Increased oestrogen in the body can make your breasts grow slightly when you’re taking the pill. The difference in size is marginal and this is a temporary effect. Your breasts come back to their actual size once you stop taking the pill or your regular cycle returns.

  1. Do birth control pills stop periods?

Yes. Continuous use of combination contraceptive pills or the use of extended-cycle contraceptive pills alters the natural menstrual cycle and can delay periods for many months.

  1. When should I take contraceptive pills?

You can take contraceptive pills at any time and any point in your menstrual cycle. As long as you take them regularly, you can be assured of protection against pregnancy. 

  1. Is one pill sufficient to stop pregnancy?

Yes. When taking combination contraceptive pills or mini-pills, one pill per day is enough to protect you from unwanted pregnancy. In the case of emergency contraceptive pills, one pill within 72 hours of intercourse is sufficient to stop a pregnancy. None of these pills can stop a pregnancy if you are already pregnant.

  1. Which contraceptive pill can cause weight gain?

Combination Contraceptive Pills that contain the oestrogen hormone may cause weight gain in women. Weight gain is one of the most common side effects of the pill. However, there is no scientific evidence to support a contraceptive pill weight gainco-relation.

  1. Is it possible to get pregnant when on the pill?

Typically, the usage of contraceptive pills is not perfect and there are some circumstances in which birth control pills fail –

    1. Missing more than two doses in a row

    2. Vomiting or Diarrhoea.

    3. Antibiotics such as Rifampin

    4. Obesity 

  1. Is it safe to start taking the contraceptive pill during periods?

Yes. It is recommended to start taking a contraceptive pill from the first day of your period or the first Sunday after the first day of your period. This is true for both combination contraceptive pill and mini pill.

 

  1. How can I know I am pregnant while on the pill?

If you are taking a contraceptive pill but still get pregnant, the tell-tale signs of pregnancy are –

    1. Nausea

    2. Morning sickness

    3. Breast Tenderness

    4. Fatigue

    5. Change in stomach girth

  1. Can I lose weight when on birth control?

Contraceptive pills do not prevent weight loss. Regulating your diet, hydration, and getting enough exercise will help you lose weight while taking birth control pills. Contraceptive pills are not proven to cause weight gain.

  1. What effect do contraceptive pills have on my skin?

Birth control pills contain hormones such as oestrogen and progestin. Intake of both these hormones impacts the production of sebum in the skin. This could result in some women experiencing oil skin, clogged pores, and acne – as a side effect of contraceptive pills. 

  1. Do contraceptive pills cause depression?

As on date, no link has been proven between contraceptive pills and the mental health of women. However, it has not been denied either. If you experience symptoms of depression after starting a contraceptive pill, consult your doctor and consider changing the pill.

  1. How many days after taking the pill am I protected?

For continuous protection, one contraceptive pill needs to be taken every day. If you happen to miss taking the pill for one day, you are still protected against pregnancy during your intercourse. However, a gap longer than two days is not advisable.

 

  1. How many safe days does a woman have?

Women are least fertile during a period and just after the period ends. However, you may conceive right after your period ends. And there is no specific count of days that can be given.

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